Bruxism is an oral parafunctional activity which commonly occurs with most people at some point in their lives. The two main characteristics of this condition are grinding the teeth and clenching of the jaw. These actions usually occur during a person’s sleeping hours, but occasionally they occur during the day.
Why should I seek treatment for Bruxism?
- Facial Pain – Bruxism can lead to muscle pain in the face and masticatory muscle pain.
- TMJ Pain – Bruxism can cause damage to the internal components of the TMJs (Temporal Mandibular Joints).
- Occlusal Trauma – Grinding can eventually shorten and blunt the teeth. The abnormal wear patterns on the occlusal (chewing) surfaces of the teeth can also lead to fractures, which if left untreated, may require extensive restorative treatment.
- Arthritis – Bruxism can eventually lead to arthritis in the temporomandibular (TMJ) joints which prevents the jaw from opening and closing smoothly.
Bruxism Treatment Options
Though there is no one cure for bruxism, there are a variety of devices and services available from our office to help treat bruxism.
- Mouthguard – An acrylic mouthguard can be designed from teeth impressions to minimize the abrasive grinding action during normal sleep. Mouthguards are expected to be worn on a long-term basis to help prevent tooth damage.
- Muscle Relaxation Occlusal Orthotic Device – Dr. Brodine can make this highly specialized small device that decreases the force of bruxism by 95% on all components of the oral system (teeth, bone, muscles, joints). This device prevents not only wear cause by bruxism, but also TMJ muscle pain and dysfunction.
Once bruxing is under control, we can perform a variety of dental procedures to restore the pleasant aesthetic appearance to your smile such as crowns, gum grafts and crown lengthening.